The Approach to Reduce Consequence of Climate Change
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, along with other partners under the term “Climate-Smart Agriculture”, promote agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation) while enhancing the achievement of national food security and development goals.
Some of the key messages by the Climate-Smart Agriculture include agriculture and food systems that must undergo significant transformations in order to meet the related challenges of food security and climate change, increasing resource efficiency to increase and ensure food security on the long term and contribute to mitigate climate change, building resilience to every type of risk to get prepared to uncertainty and change, efficiency and resilience at every scale and from both environment, economic, and social perspectives, implementing Climate-Smart Agriculture to drive a major Green Economy, greening Economy with Climate-Smart Agriculture to concrete a way to operationalize sustainable development, addressing food security and climate change by requiring concerted and coordinated involvement and action of all stakeholders on a long term perspective.
The European Union Policies for climate change aims to increase the usage of renewable sources (wind, solar, biomass) and combination of central to the generation of heat and power; the improvements in energy efficiency, for example in buildings, in the industry and in household appliances; the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions produced from new passenger cars; the measures the reduction of manufacturing industry; and the measures to reduce emissions from dumps/ landfills.
In our opinion, the green economy is not the only solution to reduce the impact of climate change. On the contrary, the contribution agriculture can make to the mitigation of climate change is linked to various factors, such as the adoption of agricultural practices that promote the "seizure" of carbon in biomass (in the case of tree plantations) and soils (in the case of crops and grasses), the supply of biomass for energy purposes, in place of fossil energy sources, and the reducing net emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases.
Some “good practice interventions” have as a purpose the mass culture-bearing crops, meadows or pastures, the promotion of organic farming, the adoption of rotations and rotations, the green manure, the creation of hedges and rows, the minimum or no tillage of the soil, and the increase in biomass and organic matter in soils.
According to the FAO, the agricultural industry is responsible for an average of between 70% and 90% of global deforestation, which involves 15% - 18% of the emissions of greenhouse gases. Moreover, the use of pesticide, the processes of manufacture, and the transport and storage, are responsible to the increases of 44% -57% of all greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the model of extensive production and biotechnology is generating an increasing impact on the relationship between Man and Nature, marginalizing the majority of the most social. According to a study by ProgettoMunden, 93% of farms, those of mining and timber, occupy lands inhabited by indigenous peoples and local communities that are expropriate of land and water to produce food for their food sovereignty.
The concentration of land, hoarding water, the siege of peasant communities are therefore the pillars that the social movements in Latin America, Africa, Europe, intend to put on the table in Lima, in the People's Summit and similar claims will be brought to the COP 21 in Paris.
The different positions to find a resolution to the climate change issue notice that the delegations of the states that participated in the COP 20 in Lima have proposed to promote green capitalism and Climate-Smart Agriculture while the Social movements for water and land have linked the strengthening of family farming, the affirmation of the rights of farmers to have access to, and the land, water to produce food for their own power.
The proposal to promote food sovereignty, sovereignty and environmental water, is the flag that the Social Movements advise and request to reduce the impacts of the agro-export model to contrast the model of food security (based on the importations of goods through the practices of land and water grabbing). Any organized expression of civil society must decide which position to side with and what kind of engagements will be needed to take in place.
Seminar Varsavia. CICMA R.Lembo