Farmers in India and climate change

Oct 12, 2015 Posted by:  

In another series of short videos about small-scale farmers facing the challenges of climate change in various parts of the world we pay a visit to farmers in India who tell about their ways of adapting to the consequences of the changing climate.

Ardaman Singh is an experienced farmer who has been cultivating various crops for 35 years. In the video he describes problems posed by climate change, and in particular how the increasingly erratic rainfall and changes in the average temperatures negatively impact yields. He is trying to compensate his income losses by growing vegetables and fodder in addition to the traditional grain crops. Local farmers have also adapted to the changing climate conditions by including in their production rice varieties which have shorter growth period and require less water. Watch the video here.

Mohamed Fakir is a dairy farmer in Punjab. In the video he explains how his cow milk production has been steadily decreasing, especially due to climate change as well as water scarcity and lack of appropriate infrastructure. Mohamed is also worried about the diminishing number of farmers who decide to produce fodder. He explains that nowadays farmers prefer to grow other cash crops which makes it increasingly difficult for milk producers to get enough food for their animals. Watch the video here.

Indramani Kumari is a female farmer from the Jamnapur village. In the video she describes how water scarcity and problems with crops have been making the villagers' lives increasingly difficult. Due to climate change the yields are lower, the boreholes and rivers are drying out, and young people are leaving the village. What is especially worrying is that a growing number of people experience hunger. Watch the video here.

Anil Kumar-Singh lives with his family in Jamnapur, where he farms on a little plot. In the video he tells about problems for the local agriculture caused by the changing climate. The main consequences of the erratic rainfalls are the decreasing groundwater level and lower yields. Unfortunately, the lack of appropriate infrastructure prevents local farmers from using water pumps which would make it easier to irrigate fields. Watch the video here.

Susila Devi is a female farmer from the Jamnapur village. In the video she talks about the importance of education and training in climate change adaptation. The problems with water, which started during last years in the region, have limited the possibility to use the traditional fodder in the animal husbandry. Due to her education Susila was able to find information about the alternative fodder solutions which she could use in feeding her animals. She found the needed information at the local milk centre. From their information materials she also learnt about different types of weeds and the importance of keeping the animal area clean. Thanks to the new fodder she started giving to the cows, her milk production has increased as well as milk's fat content. Susila is determined to provide good education also to her children so that they could have a chance for a better future. Watch the video here.

Ramniwash Kumar is a young farmer from the Rambad village. In the video he explains how due to climate change and water scarcity he had to switch his production from maize and wheat to growing vegetables and fruits. He also started to use more environmentally friendly farming methods which he had learnt at the agriculture university. Thanks to these methods he is able to better protect the environment and has less work to do in the field. Watch the video here.

Arjun Sharma is the head of the village and the chairman of the farmer cooperative in the Jamnapur village. In the video he describes how the cooperative supports local farmers through various activities such as saving schemes and low-interest loans for individuals who want to expand their farms and adapt to the changing climate. Cooperative members can also insure their crops, which is encouraged every season by the government. Thanks to the cooperative everyone can earn income and have enough food. Watch the video here.

Source: CCAFS

Photo credit: John Isaac / World Bank (Flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Last Modified: Oct 16, 2015